s Chipstone | Jug


Staffordshire, England
Creamware with transfer printing and painted decoration
in. (cm)
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Jug, 1803-1805
Creamware with transfer printing and painted decoration
in. (cm)
The Chipstone Foundation 1956.2

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Transfer-printed with ship decoration "F. Morris, Shelton".

The jug is thrown and has a handle of oval form. Printed over-glaze decoration includes, on one side, a chain of fifteen interlocked rings with stars and names of the first American states, all around a scene signed "F. Morris. Shelton." and labeled "Washington crown'd with / Laurels by Liberty." Above the scene are an eagle and shield. On side two is a United States flagged ship sailing on waves painted over in transparent enamel. Also shown are a cannon and oar against flag bunting.

Allbut's 1800 trade directory for the district of Shelton, Staffordshire, lists "Morris Francis, black printer, Vale-pleasant."[1] In an 1809 directory, he is identified as a gilder, enameller, and printer of earthenware. His name is not included in a local trade directory published in 1818, perhaps indicating he was no longer in business by that time.[2] Morris, who would have been responsible for applying the print, was not necessarily the person who engraved it. The fact that it carries his name indicates that it at least was commissioned for use in his workshop, rather than casually purchased from an engraver or printer.[3] Yellow, brown, green, and gold enamel ornaments the same signed "Washington crown'd" print on a creamware jug of similar shape. On the reverse, a chain names the fifteen states and frames a verse with the opening words "O Liberty thou Goddess."[4] Jugs depicting themes of this type were popular in the American market and, based on political sympathies, some may have found their way to France.

[1] Comments of Pat Halfpenny (September 1994).
[2] David Drakard, Printed English Pottery, History and Humour in the reign of George III 1760-1820 (London: Jonathan Horne, 1992), p. 180 no. 487.
[3] Halfpenny, comments (9/94).
[4] Drakard, Printed Pottery, p. 180 no. 487.

Leslie B. Grigsby, 2004

This information is subject to change as the result of ongoing research.